Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, is a chronic and generally life-long medical illness that causes extreme changes in mood, energy, and functioning. They can be subtle or dramatic, and typically vary over the course of a person’s life. Bipolar disorder affects men and women equally.
Individuals who have Co-occurring disorders have at least one mental disorder, as well as an alcohol or drug use disorder. While these disorders may interact differently in any one person (e.g., an episode of depression may trigger a relapse into alcohol abuse, or cocaine use may exacerbate schizophrenic symptoms), at least one disorder of each type can be diagnosed independently of the other.
Major Depressive Disorder
Major depression is a serious medical illness affecting 15 million American adults, or approximately 5-8 percent of the adult population in a given year. Unlike expected emotional experiences of sadness, loss or passing moods, major depression is persistent and can interfere with an individual’s thoughts, behavior, activity and physical health. Women experience depression at twice the rate of men, regardless of race or ethnic background.
Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder that affects about one percent of Americans. People with this disorder may hear voices other people don't hear. They may believe other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or plotting to harm them. Treatment can help relieve symptoms associated with schizophrenia so that individuals who have this disorder can successfully work, play, and participate in their communities.