Frequently asked questions

What causes autism?

Research suggests that the risk of autism development arises from a combination of genetic and non-genetic, or environmental, influences. Other risks that increase the likelihood of developing autism are parents over 40 years of age; pregnancy and/ or birth complications, such as extreme premature birth, low birth weight, or multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets, etc.); and pregnancies spaced less than a year apart from one another.

How do I know if my child has Autism?

Signs that may identify the need for an ASD screening:

  •  Does not talk  or suddenly stops talking
  •  Does not make eye contact
  •  Does not return smiles
  •  Not interested in other children
  •  Lags behind same age children in skills
  •  Has temper outbursts or tantrums — “melt downs”
  •  Does not respond to his or her name
  •  Does not like to cuddle
  •  Is sensitive to clothing and textures
  •  Has limited food preferences
  •  Does not respond to his or her name by 12 months
  •  Does not point at objects to show interest by 14 months
  •  Does not play "pretend" games at 18 months/ lack of spontaneous or make- believe play
  •  Avoids eye contact and want to be alone
  •  Has trouble understanding other people's feelings or talking about their own feelings
  •  Has delayed speech and language skills
  •  Repeats words or phrases over and over
  •  Gives unrelated answers to questions
  •  Gets upset by minor changes
  •  Has obsessive interests (e.g. persistent fixation on arts of object)
  •  Flaps  hands, rock their body, or spin in circles
  •  Has unusual reactions to the way things sound, smell, taste, look, or feel

What are possible signs of Autism in babies and toddlers?

  •  6 months:   No social smiles or other joyful expressions directed toward people
  •  6 months:   Limited to no eye contact
  •  9 months:   No vocal sounds, smiles or other nonverbal communication
  •  2 months:   No babbling
  •  12 months: No use of gestures to communicate (e.g. pointing, reaching, waving etc.)
  •  12 months: No response to name when called
  •  16 months: No words
  •  24 months: No meaningful, two-word phrases
  •  Any loss of any previously acquired speech, babbling, or social skills

What are the eligibility requirements for ABA services?

The State of Michigan now offers Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Services to individuals who:

  •  Have an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Diagnosis
  •  Are younger than 21 years of age
  •  Are Medicaid eligible


Autism Home

What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?

What is Applied Behavioral Analysis?

OCHN Applied Behavioral Analysis Providers

Autism Resources and Information